Oil prices rose to some extent on Friday, but were set to lose for a fourth straight week as concerns over headwinds from rising interest rates outweighed expectations that supply of crude will tighten due to the conflict between Russia and Ukraine.
Concerns over rising interest rates across the globe, particularly after a hike by the Federal Reserve this week, dented crude prices as merchants feared tighter liquidity conditions and more headwinds to economic growth.
Still, oil prices trimmed some of their weekly losses after Russia appeared set to escalate its invasion of Ukraine, a move that could potentially disrupt oil shipments and tighten global supply this year. Major importers from Asia such as China and India buy large amounts of crude from Moscow. Crude prices also took some relief from a smaller-than-expected rate hike by the Bank of England.
London-traded Brent oil futures rose 0.2% to $90.50 a barrel, while U.S. West Texas Intermediate crude futures rose 0.1% to $83.61 a barrel by 20:37 ET (00:37 GMT). Both contracts were set to lose 0.9% and 1.8%, respectively, this week.
A more hawkish-than-expected message from the Fed on U.S. monetary policy was the biggest weight on oil prices this week, as the central bank warned that it was prepared for risks to economic growth and the labor market in its fight against inflation. Some other European and Asian central banks also tightened monetary policy this week.
Tighter monetary policy weighs on overall liquidity in markets, dissuading crude buyers. High interest rates also dip economic activity, weighing on demand for crude in industrial activities.
Buyers are also facing the double whammy of high inflation and high interest rates, dampening their ability to buy gasoline. Other than this, the U.S. government also increased the supply of crude by drawing from its Strategic Petroleum Reserve, which dented prices in recent weeks.
But crude prices rose on Thursday after Russian President Vladimir Putin partially mobilized troops for a renewed push into Ukraine. An increase in the conflict is likely to tighten supply again, as it had earlier this year.
The European Union also ramped up plans for a price cap on Russian oil, while Nigeria’s oil Minister Timipre Marlin Sylva, speaking on behalf of OPEC+, threatened to cut production if oil prices fell further.
Dealers are now caught between potential demand headwinds from rising interest rates and a possible constriction in supply.